1. Use of water

Water mixer taps

  • A dripping tap can cause significant loss of water – up to 90 litres per day. Simple plumbing works to keep your water system in order can help you save money and avoid unnecessary water consumption.
  • A tap that is running while you are brushing your teeth can also significantly increase water consumption; therefore, you should pay attention to whether the tap has been left running.
  • By using taps with water-saving nozzles – aerators that mix water with air, water consumption can be reduced by 50%. It should be remembered that there are taps that already have a built-in aerator.
  • Water losses also occur while the user adjusts the desired temperature; therefore, when purchasing a new water tap, it is recommended to choose a tap with a thermostat that allows you to set and maintain the desired water temperature throughout the entire wash.
  • A mixer tap with a sensor can reduce water consumption since it automatically stops the flow if the sensor is not activated for a certain period of time.
  • Many mixer taps have a water-saving function. By locking the handle in a specific maximum position, it is also possible to set the maximum water flow per minute that flows through the tap, etc.

Toilet bowls

  • Toilet flushing accounts for approximately a third of household water consumption. If possible, a water-saving, low-flush mode should be used.
  • To avoid unnecessary wasting of water, various hygiene products and toilet paper should be disposed of in the waste bin. It should also be mentioned that waste thrown into the water is not sorted.
  • A special dispenser can be installed in the toilet flush box to reduce the amount of water used each time you flush, for instance, the flush volume can be adjusted from 10 to 5 litres.

Taking a shower

  •  Showering allows you to use six times less water in contrast to taking a bath. Showers require an average of 25–50 litres of water per wash, while baths require at least 100 litres.
  • Reduce the time spent in the shower, thus saving up to 20 litres (using a standard shower tap) of water per minute. Reducing the showering time by just two minutes enables you to save up to 8,000 litres of water per year.

2. Washing machine

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If your washing machine has lasted for more than 10 years, you should start thinking about buying a new one. Why? Modern appliances are more energy efficient than older ones. The same amount of laundry can be washed much more cheaply and in a more environmentally friendly way.

When buying a new appliance, you should first think about the current usage habits of your household and choose the most suitable one for you – both in terms of volume and functionality.

Washing machine – selection, use and care


  • Pirms iegādes aicinām rūpīgi iepazīties ar veļas mazgājamo mašīnu energomarķējumu – krāsaino uzlīmi, kas palīdzēs izdarīt videi un maciņam draudzīgāku izvēli. Jo augstāka ir energoefektivitātes klase, jo efektīvāka un kvalitatīvāka ir elektroierīces darbība.
  • Svarīgi ir pārbaudīt, vai būs pietiekami daudz vietas, lai pilnībā atvērtu veļas mašīnas durvis, pārvietotos ar veļas grozu, tādēļ ieteicams mērījumos iekļaut pusmetra rezervi.
  • Before buying a washing machine, we recommend studying the energy label – the colourful sticker thoroughly, which will help you make a more environmentally and wallet-friendly choice. The higher the energy efficiency class, the more efficient and high quality the operation of the appliance will be.
  • It is important to make sure there is enough space to fully open the door of the washing machine and to move around with a laundry basket; therefore, we recommend including a clearance of half a metre in your measurements.
  • There are two types of laundry loading options – top-loading or front-loading, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Top-loading appliances take up less space and you do not need to squat. Front-loading ones, on the other hand, are more spacious, they use less water and generally provide better washing quality.
  • To find the most appropriate household helper, you first need to consider its location. It is advisable to measure the area to be allocated, to enable the size of the appliance to be one of the criteria.
  • If there are 1–2 people in a household, a washing machine with a capacity of up to 5 kg in one wash may suffice; however, for larger families, it is worth investing in a larger capacity washing machine.

Number of people in the household

Washing machine capacity


5-6 kg


6-7 kg


7-8 kg

More than 4

More than 8 kg


  • When washing clothes, the washing machine uses the most electricity to heat the water. For everyday washing, a temperature of 30–40 °C is recommended. Washing clothes at 40 °C saves 25% of electricity in contrast to washing them at 60 °C, while at 30 °C, electricity savings amount to 45%. Before washing clothes, it is essential to check the temperatures indicated on the label of the manufacturer.
  • It is recommended to wash bed linen and towels at 60 °C, as all living organisms, such as dust mites, are destroyed at this temperature. Choose the most appropriate mode that uses less electricity for washing your clothes.
  • Most washing machines available on the market today have an energy-saving mode, for instance, eco mode, which provides the best washing results with the lowest energy consumption, as well as “quick wash” modes, which significantly reduce the duration of washing and, consequently – power consumption.
  • Use the mode designed for special textiles, such as wool, to wash these textiles.
  • A nearly empty washing machine uses much more water and electricity for the same amount of laundry. Therefore, is recommended to run a full washing machine while not overloading it, because this would increase the consumption and the laundry is likely to not be washed or rinsed properly.
  • To avoid mould and unwanted odours, the washing machine door, as well as the compartment where you add the detergent, should be left open after washing.


  • The exterior of the washing machine must be regularly wiped with a damp cloth  to avoid dust accumulation.
  • To prevent water leaks and obstructions, check the rubber water supply hoses for cracks or signs of wear when cleaning.
  • When using a front loading washing machine, it is advisable to wipe the door with a dry cloth after each wash, avoiding the accumulation of moisture and dirt.
  • When using the front-loading washing machines, also clean the rubber seal with a cloth and make sure it functions properly on a regular basis.
  •  It is advisable to clean the detergent drawer and the compartment where it’s placed from time to time, and to clear the washing machine filter of accumulated dirt. To do this correctly, consult the manufacturer’s user manual.
  •  It is also recommended to remove limescale deposits that have built up in the washing tank. This can be done in an environmentally friendly way by adding two packages of citric acid to the washing tank and turning the appliance on by selecting the mode with the highest water temperature (60 °C). At the end of the cycle, it is recommended to rinse the tank again by switching on the rinse mode.
  • It is advised to wash the washing machine tank with an appropriate cleaning agent once a month.

3. Washing machines with a tumble dryer

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Washing machines with a tumble dryer function are an ideal option if you do not have room for a tumble dryer, but both stand-alone and combi machines have their advantages.

Stand-alone washing machine and a tumble dryer

Washing machines with a tumble dryer 2in1

A better option for larger families.

More freedom, more convenience, no need to transfer laundry from one appliance to another.

More features, better performance.

Consumes less space, cheaper option.

Less impact during repairs – less chance of having to repair both appliances at the same time.

Ideal option, if the drying function is not used regularly.

  • One of the disadvantages of a combined appliance is that the amount of laundry that can be washed and dried differs, as more free space is needed for air to circulate during the drying process.
  • A washing machine with a tumble dryer is ideal for households of one or two people, while larger families will find stand-alone appliances more convenient.
  • If you choose a washing machine with a tumble dryer, you should expect it to run longer and consider the noise it makes.
  • Like other appliances, washing machines with tumble dryers have an energy label, but this is different from the label of conventional washing machines. Both the energy efficiency class and other parameters are indicated twice – in the wash cycle only and in the wash and dry cycle together.

3. Tumble dryer

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There are two types of tumble dryers – condenser and vented tumble dryers.

  • Vented dryers heat the air and, when the hot air becomes too humid, it is expelled through a vent.
  • Condenser tumble dryers cool the hot air by converting it into water and discharging it into a specially designed compartment.

Currently, condenser dryers are the most common type of tumble dryers.

Tumble dryer – selection, use and care


  • Depending on the space available for the appliance, different models of different sizes and capacities are available. When selecting a tumble dryer, the needs of the household should also be taken into account to ensure that the amount of laundry washed matches the capacity of the tumble dryer.
  • It is also important to pay attention to the energy label. It allows you to compare appliances and provides information on noise levels, maximum load capacity and other parameters.
  • If a room doesn’t have good sound insulation, one of the main parameters for the selection of the appliance is its noise level. For tumble dryers, it is mostly similar: 60 to 65 decibels.
  • Like washing machines, tumble dryers have two types of loading: top-loading and front-loading. Top-loading tumble dryers are more suitable for smaller rooms and they also have a smaller capacity.
  • Buying an electric tumble dryer with a moisture sensor is preferable. The sensor will turn the appliance off, preventing over-drying and unnecessary electricity use. When using an electric tumble dryer without a humidity sensor, the drying mode must be adjusted to avoid over-drying of the laundry and excessive electricity consumption.

To avoid having to guess how long it will take to dry your laundry, many appliances have an automatic drying cycle function. Instead of relying on a set drying time, this function determines the drying time depending on the humidity. Selecting a tumble dryer with programme control enables the user to dry different fabrics better. It can provide fast drying for everyday garments at high temperatures, and gentle drying at lower temperatures, especially for delicate fabrics. Other programmes to consider:

  • Delayed start function – sets the time when the appliance starts;
  • Dewrinkle setting – cold air is fed into the tank when drying is complete.


  • Do not exceed the amount of laundry specified in the user manual.
  • Similar fabrics will take about the same amount of time to dry, which means that all your clothes will be dry at the same time. If you put different types of fabric in the dryer, the machine will work part of the time to dry a few different garments, which is not energy efficient.
  • It is not advisable to add wet clothes in the middle of the drying cycle. Water from the wet clothes will soak into the dry clothes, meaning it will take longer and use more energy to dry all your laundry.
  • If you have a lot of laundry, it is better to dry it without long intervals between cycles. This way, you can use the heat that is already present in the tumble dryer.
  • If you plan to tumble dry your laundry, use a higher spin speed during washing. Putting wet laundry in the tumble dryer will increase the drying time, increase energy consumption and put unnecessary strain on the appliance. Adding dryer balls can reduce cycle times and, consequently, save electricity. During washing, the balls create free space that allows the warm air to circulate. They also reduce the static energy that is generated during drying.
  • Clean the lint filter after each drying cycle; this will ensure more efficient and faster drying.
  • Do not use fabric softener when washing clothes. The tumble dryer automatically makes your laundry soft; furthermore, the softener can damage the humidity sensors and cause unwanted odours during drying.
  • If necessary, buy special accessories such as baskets and/or racks so you can also dry shoes and clothes that are sensitive to the drying process.


  • It is essential to clean the filter of the tumble dryer after each drying cycle to prevent an increase in drying time and electricity consumption.
  • It is advisable to clean the condenser of your tumble dryer every month. If the condenser is dirty, the efficiency of the tumble dryer is reduced.

4. Lighting


If the room has windows, natural light should be used during daylight hours. Light is best reflected by white, light-coloured objects, as well as mirrors. Using more light colours, for instance, for the wall paint, and placing large mirrors in the room will provide better lighting. Due to increased humidity, it is not recommended to select lamps with closed shades.

Separate lighting should be selected to create a pleasing image of the face in front of the mirror. Attention should be paid to the position of the luminaire as well as the colour of the bulb. It is best to position the lighting from above and to the side to avoid unnecessary shadows, as well as to have a whiter light colour (3,200–4,000 K). If the bathroom is used as a place to relax, for instance, for relaxation in the bath after a long day at work, it is also advisable to have warm-coloured lighting (2,700 to 3,200 K).

If the toilet is combined with the bathroom and the family is large, the lighting is likely to be frequently switched on and off. In such cases, you can consider installing a motion sensor and select bulbs with higher switching capacity. When planning bathroom lighting, there are a number of considerations to be taken into account, alongside the choice of bulb design. There are rules regarding the type of bulbs that can be used in different parts of the bathroom; these parts are called zones, and the bulbs must meet certain IP protection ratings to be used in these zones.

  • Zone 0 – inside the bath or shower. The bulbs must have at least IP67 rating – protection against submersion in water;
  • Zone 1 – above a bath or a shower up to the height of 2.25 m; Recommended IP rating – IP65.
  • Zone 2 – space up to 0.6 m outside and above the bath or shower, if it exceeds 2.25 m. The minimum required protection rating is IP44.

Outside the zones – anywhere outside zones 0, 1 and 2 – there are no requirements that specify the required IP protection levels.

5. Bathroom cleaning

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Limestone is one of the enemies of the bathroom. It can build up on shower cabin walls, taps and especially in crevices, where access is difficult.

An old toothbrush is useful for cleaning away tartar build-up more effectively.

To clean the shower head, you can use a paste of baking soda and water (add a small amount of water to 100 g of baking soda). The shower head must be screwed off, placed in a bag filled with the prepared paste, sealed and left to react for 30 minutes.

By adding water to baking soda, a solution can be made to fight mould. Baking soda is a natural disinfectant and doesn’t have a specific smell.

Try to use natural air fresheners, for instance, a bowl of natural baking soda or dried aromatic herbs.

Instead of antibacterial cleaners, you can use natural alternatives, for instance, lemon juice.

6. Heating


As the bathroom is humid and frequent contact with water occurs here, appliances with the appropriate IP class (protection against environmental influences) – at least IP44 must be purchased. The appliances should be used in a manner that complies with the rules of use.

  • To save electricity, connection of a thermoregulator to all heating appliances is recommended, if possible. This will enable you to adjust the temperature depending on the use of the room and the daily routine.
  • Different types of towel rails are available nowadays. The simplest ones only have an on/off button and must be unplugged when not in use. Choosing a towel dryer that can control the temperature is a more energy-efficient option, and setting a timer is advisable.

Types of heating in a bathroom

Selecting a correct bathroom heater is important. First, it must help to maintain a comfortable temperature, secondly, be safe enough to use in wet rooms, and thirdly, reduce the relative humidity of the room to prevent the proliferation of harmful bacteria. Your daily bathroom habits must also be considered in choosing the right heating solution.

  • In bathrooms and other wet premises, the most suitable heating method is electric underfloor heating. Why? Underfloor heaters operate at a lower temperature and are therefore more energy efficient, while distributing the same level of heat throughout the entire room. Electric underfloor heating will provide a better microclimate, reducing the humidity level in the bathroom faster, which is especially important to prevent the growth of mould.
  • If you need to warm up your bathroom or a part of the room quickly, an infrared heater will do. Infrared heaters use radiation to heat objects, surfaces and bodies. Infrared heat doesn’t directly heat the air. Infrared heaters heat up faster than other types of heaters. They are suitable for active people who do not stay in the bathroom for too long and don’t have free time to wait for the room to heat up.

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